** Source or Reference: BASIC ENGLISH GRAMMAR By Anne Seaton • Y. H. Mew
What is Grammar?
Here’s an old children’s rhyme about the eight parts of speech of English grammar. It gives you an idea of what grammar is about. Read and remember it.
- Every name is called a noun, As field and fountain, street and town.
- In place of noun the pronoun stands, As he and she can clap their hands.
- The adjective describes a thing, As magic wand or bridal ring.
- Most verbs mean action, something done, To read and write, to jump and run.
- How things are done the adverbs tell, As quickly, slowly, badly, well.
- The preposition shows relation, As in the street or at the station.
- Conjunctions join, in many ways, Sentences, words, or phrase and phrase.
- The interjection cries out, “Heed! An exclamation point must follow me!
Let’s start it!
|Part of speech||Function or “job”||Example words||Example sentences|
|Verb||action or state||(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must||My friend is an engineer. I like him very much.|
|Noun||thing or person||pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John||This is my dog. He lives in myhouse. We live in London.|
|Adjective||describes a noun||a/an, the, 2, some, good, big, red, well, interesting||I have two dogs. My dogs are big. I like big dogs.|
|Adverb||describes a verb, adjective or adverb||quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really||My dog eats quickly. When he isvery hungry, he eats reallyquickly.|
|Pronoun||replaces a noun||I, you, he, she, some||Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.|
|Preposition||links a noun to another word||to, at, after, on, but||We went to school on Monday.|
|Conjunction||joins clauses or sentences or words||and, but, when||I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don’t like cats.|
|Interjection||short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence||oh!, ouch!, hi!, well||Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don’t know.|
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